Cardamom is one of the world’s very ancient spices.It is the National Spice of India and popularly referred to as the ‘Queen of Spices’. Kerala is the leading state in area and production of cardamom,followed by Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Cardamom comes from the seeds of a ginger-like plant. The small, brown-black sticky seeds are contained in a pod in three double rows with about six seeds in each row.
The pods are roughly triangular in cross section and oval or oblate. The texture of the pod is that of tough paper. Pods are available whole or split and the seeds are sold loose or ground. Cardamom has a pungent, warm and aromatic smell. Its flavor is warm and eucalyptine with camphorous and lemony undertones.
Cardamom is used in India for seasoning and flavoring of various foodstuff. It flavours custards, and some Russian liqueurs. In medicine, cardamom is used as powerful aromatic stimulant, carmintive, stomachi and diuretic.